For most people, the Zika Virus causes mild symptoms, such as a fever or headache. But it can also cause problems like Guillain–Barré syndrome, which harms the nervous system. And it can cause very harmful birth defects to a fetus.
Contact your doctor if you suspect you have Zika. The World Health Organization (WHO) has a Zika fact sheet here: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/zika/en/
Ways Zika Is Spread
- Being bitten by a mosquito that has the virus
- Through sex with someone who has the virus
- A pregnant woman who has the virus can pass it onto her fetus
Where Zika Outbreaks Have Happened
- Southeast Asia
- the Pacific Islands
- Central America
- South America
- the Caribbean and Mexico
- Miami, Florida
Some people coming to the U.S. from these places have brought Zika with them. For an up-to-date list of places with Zika and for Zika travel alerts visit the CDC’s Travel Health Notices: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/zika-travel-information
You can find more news on Zika outbreaks at these links:
Prevention: Bug spray (insect repellent) can ward off mosquitoes. You can ask us for the right brands to use.
There are tips on Zika prevention and on how to protect children here: http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/pdfs/fs_mosquito_bite_prevention_us.pdf
If you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant:
- Don’t travel to any of the places with Zika outbreaks.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Use window and door screens to keep out mosquitoes.
- Remove any standing water as these are mosquito breeding sites.
- Use bug spray during the day and at night.
Diagnosis: You may not know you have Zika. You can find a list of symptoms of Zika here: http://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/symptoms.html
Be sure to contact your doctor if you suspect you have Zika, or if you have traveled to a place affected by Zika in the past two weeks.
Treatments: Currently, there is no known treatment for Zika other than easing the symptoms of the virus.